Here’s Everything You Need To Know About The Power Of Indian MLAs And How They’re Elected

MLAs are the direct representatives of the citizens of the country.


India’s governance has a three-tiered structure. The first one includes the Union and the Central government, the second one constitutes of the State government and the third one is the Panchayats and the municipalities.

The states have a Legislative Assembly and Vidan Sabha operated by the Members Of The Legislative Assembly (MLA). The MLAs are the direct representatives of the people. Every state has 8-9 MLAs for every member of parliament in the Lok Sabha. Basically, the MLA is the representative of the people of the state.

What powers do the MLAs have: 

Legislative: They are the lawmakers.

Financial: They can pass bills.

Executive:  They can control the ruling government.

Electoral: They can appoint the President, members of the Rajya Sabha and the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

This is how a Member of the Legislative Assembly is elected:

  • The elections are held after the expiry of the current assembly’s tenure, generally after a period of every five years.
  • Every state is divided into different constituencies or specific areas on the basis of population.
  • Candidates belonging to these constituencies are voted for by citizens over 18 years of age.
  • Any number of candidates can stand for elections from a constituency as long as each one of them fulfills the eligibility criteria.
  • The candidates can either be affiliated with a specific political party or contest the elections as independent candidates.
  • The candidates are required to rally for themselves by voicing their plans and concerns of their constituency.
  • The members are directly elected by an electorate who votes according to the universal adult franchise.
  • The voting is done by a secret ballot to ensure that only the voter knows for whom he/she has voted.
  • The Governor of a State has the executive power of nominating a member of the Anglo-Indian community, in case the said person lacks adequate representation in the assembly.

We don’t know how we should feel anymore.

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